This is a mirror page, please see the original page:

https://xmake.io/#/guide/project_examples

We briefly introduce some commonly used project examples. More and more complete examples projects can be viewed in project examples.

We can also use the xmake create command to create various commonly used empty projects to quickly start. For the introduction of this command and the supported project templates, you can type the following command to view:

xmake create --help

Executable Program

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.c")

For a complete example, execute the following command to create:

xmake create -l c -t console test

Static Library Program

target("library")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/library/*.c")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.c")
    add_deps("library")

We use add_deps to link a static library to test target.

For a complete example, execute the following command to create:

xmake create -l c -t static test

Shared Library Program

target("library")
    set_kind("shared")
    add_files("src/library/*.c")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.c")
    add_deps("library")

We use add_deps to link a shared library to test target.

For a complete example, execute the following command to create:

xmake create -l c -t shared test

Qt Program

Create an empty project:

v2.2.9 or higher:

$ xmake create -t qt.console test
$ xmake create -t qt.static test
$ xmake create -t qt.shared test
$ xmake create -t qt.quickapp test
$ xmake create -t qt.widgetapp test

For more project templates see: xmake create --help

Older version of v2.2.8:

$ xmake create -l c++ -t console_qt test
$ xmake create -l c++ -t static_qt test
$ xmake create -l c++ -t shared_qt test
$ xmake create -l c++ -t quickapp_qt test

xmake will detect Qt SDK automatically and we can also set the SDK directory manually.

$ xmake f --qt=~/Qt/Qt5.9.1

The MingW SDK specified above uses the environment that comes with the Tools directory under Qt. Of course, if there are other third-party MingW compilation environments, they can also be specified manually.
For details, please refer to: MingW Configuration.

For more details, please refer to: #160

In addition, currently xmake also supports Qt/Wasm. For details, see: Wasm Configuration

$ xmake f -p wasm

Static Library

target("qt_static_library")
    add_rules("qt.static")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    add_frameworks("QtNetwork", "QtGui")

Shared Library

target("qt_shared_library")
    add_rules("qt.shared")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    add_frameworks("QtNetwork", "QtGui")

Console Program

target("qt_console")
    add_rules("qt.console")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")

Quick Application

v2.2.9 or higher:

target("qt_quickapp")
    add_rules("qt.quickapp")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    add_files("src/qml.qrc")

!> If you are using your own compiled static version of the QT SDK, you need to switch to the add_rules("qt.quickapp_static") static rule,
because the linked libraries are different and need to be statically linked.

Next, we try to compile, usually, if you use the Qt installation package to install by default, and do not modify the installation path, then in most cases you can automatically detect the root path of the QT SDK, for example:

$ xmake
checking for the architecture ... x86_64
checking for the Xcode directory ... /Applications/Xcode.app
checking for the SDK version of Xcode ... 10.15
checking for the Qt SDK directory ... /Users/ruki/Qt5.13.2/5.13.2/clang_64
checking for the Qt SDK version ... 5.13.2
[0%]: ccache compiling.release src/main.cpp
[49%]: compiling.qt.qrc src/qml.qrc
[100%]: linking.release test
Build ok!

Then we continue to run it:

$ xmake run

The effect is as follows:

Quick Plugin

For a full example see: quickplugin example

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("demo")
    add_rules("qt.qmlplugin")
    add_headerfiles("src/*.h")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")

    set_values("qt.qmlplugin.import_name", "My.Plugin")

Widgets Application

v2.2.9 or higher:

target("qt_widgetapp")
    add_rules("qt.widgetapp")
    add_headerfiles("src/*.h")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    add_files("src/mainwindow.ui")
    -- add files with Q_OBJECT meta (only for qt.moc)
    add_files("src/mainwindow.h")

!> The new version provides the qt.widgetapp rule, built-in QtWidgets built-in rules, the use of simpler, the following version of the qt.application is still supported, backward compatible:

target("qt_widgetapp")
    add_rules("qt.application")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    add_files("src/mainwindow.ui")
    add_files("src/mainwindow.h")  -- add files with Q_OBJECT meta (only for qt.moc)
    add_frameworks("QtWidgets")

!> If you are using your own compiled static version of the QT SDK, you need to switch to the add_rules("qt.widgetapp_static") static rule,
because the linked libraries are different and need to be statically linked.

The effect is as follows:

Android Application

After the 2.2.6 version, you can directly switch to the android platform to compile the Quick/Widgets application, generate the apk package, and install it to the device via the xmake install command.

$ xmake create -t quickapp_qt -l c ++ appdemo
$ cd appdemo
$ xmake f -p android --ndk=~/Downloads/android-ndk-r19c/ --android_sdk=~/Library/Android/sdk/ -c
$ xmake
[0%]: compiling.qt.qrc src/qml.qrc
[ 50%]: ccache compiling.release src/main.cpp
[100%]: linking.release libappdemo.so
[100%]: generating.qt.app appdemo.apk

Then install to the device:

$ xmake install
installing appdemo ...
installing build/android/release/appdemo.apk ..
success
install ok!👌

WDK Driver Program

xmake will detect WDK automatically and we can also set the WDK directory manually.

$ xmake f --wdk="G:\Program Files\Windows Kits\10" -c
$ xmake

If you want to known more information, you can see #159.

And see WDK examples

UMDF Driver Program

target("echo")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.umdf")
    add_files("driver/*.c")
    add_files("driver/*.inx")
    add_includedirs("exe")

target("app")
    add_rules("wdk.binary", "wdk.env.umdf")
    add_files("exe/*.cpp")

KMDF Driver Program

target("nonpnp")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.kmdf")
    add_values("wdk.tracewpp.flags", "-func:TraceEvents(LEVEL,FLAGS,MSG,...)", "-func:Hexdump((LEVEL,FLAGS,MSG,...))")
    add_files("driver/*.c", {rule = "wdk.tracewpp"})
    add_files("driver/*.rc")

target("app")
    add_rules("wdk.binary", "wdk.env.kmdf")
    add_files("exe/*.c")
    add_files("exe/*.inf")

WDM Driver Program

target("kcs")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.wdm")
    add_values("wdk.man.flags", "-prefix Kcs")
    add_values("wdk.man.resource", "kcsCounters.rc")
    add_values("wdk.man.header", "kcsCounters.h")
    add_values("wdk.man.counter_header", "kcsCounters_counters.h")
    add_files("*.c", "*.rc", "*.man")
target("msdsm")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.wdm")
    add_values("wdk.tracewpp.flags", "-func:TracePrint((LEVEL,FLAGS,MSG,...))")
    add_files("*.c", {rule = "wdk.tracewpp"})
    add_files("*.rc", "*.inf")
    add_files("*.mof|msdsm.mof")
    add_files("msdsm.mof", {values = {wdk_mof_header = "msdsmwmi.h"}})

Package Driver

We can run the following command to generate a .cab driver package.

$ xmake [p|package]
$ xmake [p|package] -o outputdir

The output files like:

  - drivers
    - sampledsm
       - debug/x86/sampledsm.cab
       - release/x64/sampledsm.cab
       - debug/x86/sampledsm.cab
       - release/x64/sampledsm.cab

Driver Signing

The driver signing is disabled when we compile driver in default case,
but we can add set_values("wdk.sign.mode") to enable test/release sign.

TestSign

We can use test certificate of xmake to do testsign, but please run $xmake l utils.wdk.testcert install as admin to install a test certificate first (only once)!

target("msdsm")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.wdm")
    set_values("wdk.sign.mode", "test")

Or we set a valid certificate thumbprint to do it in local machine.

target("msdsm")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.wdm")
    set_values("wdk.sign.mode", "test")
    set_values("wdk.sign.thumbprint", "032122545DCAA6167B1ADBE5F7FDF07AE2234AAA")

We can also do testsign via setting store/company info.

target("msdsm")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.wdm")
    set_values("wdk.sign.mode", "test")
    set_values("wdk.sign.store", "PrivateCertStore")
    set_values("wdk.sign.company", "tboox.org(test)")

ReleaseSign

We can set a certificate file for release signing.

target("msdsm")
    add_rules("wdk.driver", "wdk.env.wdm")
    set_values("wdk.sign.mode", "release")
    set_values("wdk.sign.company", "xxxx")
    set_values("wdk.sign.certfile", path.join(os.projectdir(), "xxxx.cer"))

Support Low-version System

We can set wdk.env.winver to generate a driver package that is compatible with a low version system.

set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win10")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win10_rs3")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win81")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win8")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win7")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win7_sp1")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win7_sp2")
set_values("wdk.env.winver", "win7_sp3")

We can also set windows version for WDK driver program:

$ xmake f --wdk_winver=[win10_rs3|win8|win7|win7_sp1]
$ xmake

WinSDK Application Program

target("usbview")
    add_rules("win.sdk.application")

    add_files("*.c", "*.rc")
    add_files("xmlhelper.cpp", {rule = "win.sdk.dotnet"})

If you want to known more information, you can see #173.

MFC Application Program

MFC Static Library

target("test")
    add_rules("win.sdk.mfc.static")
    add_files("src/*.c")

MFC Shared Library

target("test")
    add_rules("win.sdk.mfc.shared")
    add_files("src/*.c")

MFC Application (Static)

target("test")
    add_rules("win.sdk.mfc.static_app")
    add_files("src/*.c")

MFC Application (Shared)

target("test")
    add_rules("win.sdk.mfc.shared_app")
    add_files("src/*.c")

iOS/MacOS Program

Application

Generate .app/.ipa application and supports iOS/MacOS.

target("test")
    add_rules("xcode.application")
    add_files("src/*.m", "src/**.storyboard", "src/*.xcassets")
    add_files("src/Info.plist")

!> After 2.5.7, you can directly add *.metal files, xmake will automatically generate default.metallib for the application to load and use.

Create Project

We can also quickly create project through template:

$ xmake create -t xcode.macapp -l objc test
$ xmake create -t xcode.iosapp -l objc test

Build Program

$ xmake f -p [iphoneos|macosx]
$ xmake
[ 18%]: compiling.xcode.release src/Assets.xcassets
[ 27%]: processing.xcode.release src/Info.plist
[ 72%]: compiling.xcode.release src/Base.lproj/Main.storyboard
[ 81%]: compiling.xcode.release src/Base.lproj/LaunchScreen.storyboard
[ 45%]: ccache compiling.release src/ViewController.m
[ 63%]: ccache compiling.release src/AppDelegate.m
[ 54%]: ccache compiling.release src/SceneDelegate.m
[ 36%]: ccache compiling.release src/main.m
[ 90%]: linking.release test
[100%]: generating.xcode.release test.app
[100%]: build ok!

Codesign

For iOS programs, it will detect that the system first signs the app with available signatures. Of course, we can also manually specify other signature certificates:

$ xmake f -p iphoneos --xcode_codesign_identity='Apple Development: xxx@gmail.com (T3NA4MRVPU)' --xcode_mobile_provision='iOS Team Provisioning Profile: org.tboox.test --xcode_bundle_identifier=org.tboox.test'
$ xmake

If it is cumbersome to configure the signature every time, you can set it to the xmake global global configuration, or you can set it separately for each target in xmake.lua:

target("test")
    add_rules("xcode.application")
    add_files("src/*.m", "src/**.storyboard", "src/*.xcassets")
    add_files("src/Info.plist")
    add_values("xcode.bundle_identifier", "org.tboox.test")
    add_values("xcode.codesign_identity", "Apple Development: xxx@gmail.com (T3NA4MRVPU)")
    add_values("xcode.mobile_provision", "iOS Team Provisioning Profile: org.tboox.test")

How do we know the signature configuration we need? One is to view it in xcode. In addition, xmake also provides some auxiliary tools to dump all currently available signature configurations:

$ xmake l private.tools.codesign.dump
==================================== codesign identities ====================================
{
  "Apple Development: waruqi@gmail.com (T3NA4MRVPU)" = "AF73C231A0C35335B72761BD3759694739D34EB1"
}

===================================== mobile provisions =====================================
{
  "iOS Team Provisioning Profile: org.tboox.test" = "



    AppIDName
    XC org tboox test
    ApplicationIdentifierPrefix
    
    43AAQM58X3
...

We also provide other auxiliary tools to re-sign existing ipa / app programs, for example:

$ xmake l utils.ipa.resign test.ipa | test.app [codesign_identity] [mobile_provision] [bundle_identifier]

Among them, the following signature parameters are optional, if not set, then a valid signature will be detected by default:

$ xmake l utils.ipa.resign test.ipa
$ xmake l utils.ipa.resign test.app "Apple Development: waruqi@gmail.com (T3NA4MRVPU)"
$ xmake l utils.ipa.resign test.ipa "Apple Development: waruqi@gmail.com (T3NA4MRVPU)" iOS Team Provisioning Profile: org.tboox.test" org.tboox.test

Run the application

Currently only supports running macos program:

`console $ xmake run `

The effect is as follows:

Package program

If it is an iOS program, it will generate an ipa installation package, if it is macOS, it will generate a dmg package (dmg package generation is still under development for the time being).

$ xmake package
output: build/iphoneos/release/arm64/test.ipa
package ok!

We also provide auxiliary tools to package the specified app program:

$ xmake l utils.ipa.package test.app output.ipa [iconfile.png]

Install

If it is an iOS program, it will install ipa to the device, if it is macos, it will install the app to the /Applications directory.

$ xmake install

We also provide auxiliary tools to install the specified ipa/app program to the device:

$ xmake l utils.ipa.install test.app
$ xmake l utils.ipa.install test.ipa

Uninstall

!> Currently only the macos program is supported

$ xmake uninstall

Framework Program

target("test")
    add_rules("xcode.framework")
    add_files("src/*.m")
    add_files("src/Info.plist")

We can also quickly create project through template:

$ xmake create -t xcode.framework -l objc test

In addition, xmake v2.3.9 and above, xmake also provides a complete iosapp/macapp empty project template with framework library usage, you can fully experience framework compilation, dependent use and integration into app applications.

At the same time, if we turn on the emulator, xmake can support directly xmake install and xmake run to install the app to the emulator and load and run it.

$ xmake create -t xcode.iosapp_with_framework -l objc testapp
$ cd testapp
$ xmake f -p iphoneos -a x86_64
$ xmake
$ xmake install
$ xmake run

Bundle Program

target("test")
    add_rules("xcode.bundle")
    add_files("src/*.m")
    add_files("src/Info.plist")

We can also quickly create project through template:

$ xmake create -t xcode.bundle -l objc test

Protobuf Program

Using c library

add_requires("protobuf-c")

target("console_c")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_packages("protobuf-c")

     add_files("src/*.c")
     add_files("src/*.proto", {rules = "protobuf.c"})

In version 2.5.5, we can also set proto_public = true to export the proto header file search directory and open it to other parent targets for inheritance.

     add_files("src/**.proto", {rules = "protobuf.c", proto_public = true})

Using the C++ library

add_requires("protobuf-cpp")

target("console_c++")
     set_kind("binary")
     set_languages("c++11")

     add_packages("protobuf-cpp")

     add_files("src/*.cpp")
     add_files("src/*.proto", {rules = "protobuf.cpp"})

Cuda Program

Create an empty project:

$ xmake create -P test -l cuda
$ cd test
$ xmake
-- define target
target("cuda_console")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.cu")
    -- generate SASS code for SM architecture of current host
    add_cugencodes("native")
    -- generate PTX code for the virtual architecture to guarantee compatibility
    add_cugencodes("compute_30")

!> Starting with v2.2.7, the default build will enable device-link. (see Separate Compilation and Linking of CUDA C++ Device Code)
If you want to disable device-link, you can set it with add_values("cuda.devlink", false).

xmake will detect Cuda SDK automatically and we can also set the SDK directory manually.

$ xmake f --cuda=/usr/local/cuda-9.1/
$ xmake

If you want to known more information, you can see #158.

Lex & Yacc Program

target("calc")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_rules("lex", "yacc")
     add_files("src/*.l", "src/*.y")

OpenMP Program

After v2.6.1, the configuration of openmp has been improved, which is more simplified and unified. We no longer need to configure additional rules. The same effect can be achieved only through a common openmp package.

add_requires("openmp")
target("loop")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_files("src/*.cpp")
     add_packages("openmp")

Before v2.5.9

add_requires("libomp", {optional = true})
target("loop")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    add_rules("c++.openmp")
    add_packages("libomp")

If it is c code, you need to enable ʻadd_rules("c.openmp")`. If it is c/c++ mixed compilation, then these two rules must be set.

Fortran Program

After v2.3.6, the gfortran compiler is supported to compile fortran projects. We can quickly create an empty project based on fortran by using the following command:

After v2.3.8, xmake also supports Intel Fortran Compiler, you only need to switch the toolchain: xmake f --toolchain=ifort

$ xmake create -l fortran -t console test

Its xmake.lua content is as follows:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.f90")

More code examples can be viewed here: Fortran Examples

Go Program

xmake also supports the construction of go programs, and also provides command support for creating empty projects:

$ xmake create -l go -t console test

The content of xmake.lua is as follows:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.go")

In v2.3.6 version, xmake has made some improvements to its build support, and also supports cross compilation of go. For example, we can compile windows programs on macOS and linux:

$ xmake f -p windows -a x86

In addition, the new version also initially supports the third-party dependency package management of go:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

add_requires("go::github.com/sirupsen/logrus", {alias = "logrus"})
add_requires("go::golang.org/x/sys/internal/unsafeheader", {alias = "unsafeheader"})
if is_plat("windows") then
    add_requires("go::golang.org/x/sys/windows", {alias = "syshost"})
else
    add_requires("go::golang.org/x/sys/unix", {alias = "syshost"})
end

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.go")
    add_packages("logrus", "syshost", "unsafeheader")

However, there are still some imperfections. For example, all cascading dependency packages must be manually configured at present, which will be a bit more cumbersome and needs to be improved in the future.

For more examples, see: Go Examples

Dlang Program

Create an empty project:

$ xmake create -l dlang -t console test

xmake.lua content:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.d")

Starting from the v2.3.6 version, xmake adds support for dub package management, which can quickly integrate third-party dependency packages of dlang:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

add_requires("dub::log 0.4.3", {alias = "log"})
add_requires("dub::dateparser", {alias = "dateparser"})
add_requires("dub::emsi_containers", {alias = "emsi_containers"})
add_requires("dub::stdx-allocator", {alias = "stdx-allocator"})
add_requires("dub::mir-core", {alias = "mir-core"})

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.d")
    add_packages("log", "dateparser", "emsi_containers", "stdx-allocator", "mir-core")

However, there are still some imperfections. For example, all cascading dependency packages must be manually configured at present, which will be a bit more cumbersome and needs to be improved in the future.

For more examples, see: Dlang Examples

Rust Program

Create an empty project:

$ xmake create -l rust -t console test

xmake.lua content:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/main.rs")

For more examples, see: Rust Examples

Add cargo package dependences

example: https://github.com/xmake-io/xmake/tree/dev/tests/projects/rust/cargo_deps

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")
add_requires("cargo::base64 0.13.0")
add_requires("cargo::flate2 1.0.17", {configs = {features = "zlib"}})

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/main.rs")
    add_packages("cargo::base64", "cargo::flate2")

Integrating Cargo.toml dependency packages

Integrating dependencies directly using add_requires("cargo::base64 0.13.0") above has a problem.

If there are a lot of dependencies and several dependencies all depend on the same child dependencies, then there will be a redefinition problem, so if we use the full Cargo.toml to manage the dependencies we won't have this problem.

For example

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")
add_requires("cargo::test", {configs = {cargo_toml = path.join(os.projectdir(), "Cargo.toml")}})

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/main.rs")
    add_packages("cargo::test")

For a complete example see: cargo_deps_with_toml

Use cxxbridge to call rust in c++

example: https://github.com/xmake-io/xmake/tree/dev/tests/projects/rust/cxx_call_rust_library

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

add_requires("cargo::cxx 1.0")

target("foo")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/foo.rs")
    set_values("rust.cratetype", "staticlib")
    add_packages("cargo::cxx")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_rules("rust.cxxbridge")
    add_deps("foo")
    add_files("src/main.cc")
    add_files("src/bridge.rsx")

foo.rs

#[cxx::bridge]
mod foo {
    extern "Rust" {
        fn add(a: i32, b: i32) -> i32;
    }
}

pub fn add(a: i32, b: i32) -> i32 {
    return a + b;
}

bridge interface file in c++, bridge.rsx

#[cxx::bridge]
mod foo {
    extern "Rust" {
        fn add(a: i32, b: i32) -> i32;
    }
}

main.cc

#include 
#include "bridge.rs.h"

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    printf("add(1, 2) == %d\n", add(1, 2));
    return 0;
}

Call c++ in rust

example: https://github.com/xmake-io/xmake/tree/dev/tests/projects/rust/rust_call_cxx_library

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("foo")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/foo.cc")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_deps("foo")
    add_files("src/main.rs")

main.rs

extern "C" {
    fn add(a: i32, b: i32) -> i32;
}

fn main() {
    unsafe {
        println!("add(1, 2) = {}", add(1, 2));
    }
}

foo.cc

extern "C" int add(int a, int b) {
    return a + b;
}

Swift Program

Create an empty project:

$ xmake create -l swift -t console test

xmake.lua content:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.swift")

For more examples, see: Swift Examples

Objc Program

Create an empty project:

$ xmake create -l objc -t console test

xmake.lua content:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.m")

For more examples, see: Objc Examples

Zig Program

Create an empty project:

$ xmake create -l zig -t console test

xmake.lua content:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_files("src/*.zig")

For more examples, see: Zig Examples

Linux Bpf Program

Since 2.5.3, it supports bpf program construction, supports both linux and android platforms, and can automatically pull llvm and android ndk toolchains.

For more details, please see: #1274

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")
add_rules("platform.linux.bpf")

add_requires("linux-tools", {configs = {bpftool = true}})
add_requires("libbpf")
if is_plat("android") then
     add_requires("ndk >=22.x")
     set_toolchains("@ndk", {sdkver = "23"})
else
     add_requires("llvm >=10.x")
     set_toolchains("@llvm")
     add_requires("linux-headers")
end

target("minimal")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_files("src/*.c")
     add_packages("linux-tools", "linux-headers", "libbpf")
     set_license("GPL-2.0")

Vala Program

After 2.5.7 to support the construction of Vala programs, we need to apply the add_rules("vala") rule, and the glib package is necessary.

related issues: #1618

add_values("vala.packages") is used to tell valac which packages the project needs, it will introduce the vala api of the relevant package, but the dependency integration of the package still needs to be downloaded and integrated through add_requires("lua").

Console program

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")

add_requires("lua", "glib")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_rules("vala")
    add_files("src/*.vala")
    add_packages("lua", "glib")
    add_values("vala.packages", "lua")

Static library program

After v2.5.8, we continue to support the construction of library programs. The exported interface header file name can be set through add_values("vala.header", "mymath.h"), and through add_values("vala.vapi", "mymath -1.0.vapi") Set the name of the exported vapi file.

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")

add_requires("glib")

target("mymath")
    set_kind("static")
    add_rules("vala")
    add_files("src/mymath.vala")
    add_values("vala.header", "mymath.h")
    add_values("vala.vapi", "mymath-1.0.vapi")
    add_packages("glib")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_deps("mymath")
    add_rules("vala")
    add_files("src/main.vala")
    add_packages("glib")

Dynamic library program

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")

add_requires("glib")

target("mymath")
    set_kind("shared")
    add_rules("vala")
    add_files("src/mymath.vala")
    add_values("vala.header", "mymath.h")
    add_values("vala.vapi", "mymath-1.0.vapi")
    add_packages("glib")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_deps("mymath")
    add_rules("vala")
    add_files("src/main.vala")
    add_packages("glib")

More examples: Vala examples

Pascal Program

After 2.5.8, we can support the construction of Pascal programs. For related issues, see: #388

Console Program

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")
target("test")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_files("src/*.pas")

Dynamic library program

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")
target("foo")
     set_kind("shared")
     add_files("src/foo.pas")

target("test")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_deps("foo")
     add_files("src/main.pas")

More examples: Pascal examples

Swig module

Version 2.5.8 supports the construction of Swig modules. We provide swig.c and swig.cpp rules, which respectively support the generation of c/c++ module interface code, and cooperate with xmake's package management system to realize fully automated modules and dependent packages. Integration.

Related issues: #1622

Lua/C module

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")
add_requires("lua")

target("example")
    add_rules("swig.c", {moduletype = "lua"})
    add_files("src/example.i", {swigflags = "-no-old-metatable-bindings"})
    add_files("src/example.c")
    add_packages("lua")

Python/C module

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")
add_requires("python 3.x")

target("example")
    add_rules("swig.c", {moduletype = "python"})
    add_files("src/example.i", {scriptdir = "share"})
    add_files("src/example.c")
    add_packages("python")

Python/C++ module

add_rules("mode.release", "mode.debug")
add_requires("python 3.x")

target("example")
    add_rules("swig.cpp", {moduletype = "python"})
    add_files("src/example.i", {scriptdir = "share"})
    add_files("src/example.cpp")
    add_packages("python")

C++20 Module

xmake uses .mpp as the default module extension, but also supports .ixx, .cppm, .mxx and other extensions.

At present, xmake has fully supported the C++20 Modules construction support of gcc11/clang/msvc,
and can automatically analyze the dependencies between modules to maximize parallel compilation.

set_languages("c++20")
target("class")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.cpp", "src/*.mpp")

For more examples, see: C++ Modules

The v2.7.1 release has refactored and upgraded the C++20 module implementation to include support for Headerunits,
which allows us to introduce Stl and user header modules into the module.

The relevant patch is available at: #2641.

Note: Normally we need to add at least one .mpp file to enable C++20 modules compilation, if we only have a cpp file, module compilation will not be enabled by default.

However, if we just want to use the module's Headerunits feature in the cpp file, e.g. by introducing some stl Headerunits into the cpp, then we can also set set_policy to .mpp.
then we can also force C++ Modules compilation by setting set_policy("build.c++.modules", true), for example:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/*.cpp")
    set_languages("c++20")
    set_policy("build.c++.modules", true)

Merge static libraries

Automatically merge target libraries

After 2.5.8, we can enable automatic merging of all dependent static libraries by setting the build.merge_archive strategy, for example:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("add")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/add.c")
    add_files("src/subdir/add.c")

target("sub")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/sub.c")
    add_files("src/subdir/sub.c")

target("mul")
    set_kind("static")
    add_deps("add", "sub")
    add_files("src/mul.c")
    set_policy("build.merge_archive", true)

The mul static library automatically merges the add and sub static libraries to generate a complete libmul.a library containing add/sub code.

This merge is relatively stable and complete, supports ar and msvc/lib.exe, also supports the merge of static libraries generated by the cross-compilation tool chain, and also supports static libraries with the same name obj file.

Merge specified static library files

If the automatic merge does not meet the requirements, we can also actively call the utils.archive.merge_archive module to merge the specified static library list in the after_link stage.

target("test")
    after_link(function (target)
        import("utils.archive.merge_staticlib")
        merge_staticlib(target, "libout.a", {"libfoo.a", "libbar.a"})
    end)

Use add_files to merge static libraries

In fact, our previous version already supports merging static libraries through add_files("*.a").

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("*.a")
    add_files("*.c")

However, it has some drawbacks: if you use ar, there may be conflicts with the same name of the .obj object file and cause the merge to fail. Therefore, it is recommended to use the merge method described above, which is more stable, reliable, and simpler.

Related issues: #1638

Nim Program

After v2.5.9, we have added support for the Nimlang project. For related issues, see: #1756

Create an empty project

We can use the xmake create command to create an empty project.

xmake create -l nim -t console test
xmake create -l nim -t static test
xmake create -l nim -t shared test

Console Program

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/main.nim")
$ xmake -v
[33%]: linking.release test
/usr/local/bin/nim c --opt:speed --nimcache:build/.gens/test/macosx/x86_64/release/nimcache -o:b
uild/macosx/x86_64/release/test src/main.nim
[100%]: build ok!

Static library program

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("foo")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/foo.nim")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_deps("foo")
    add_files("src/main.nim")
$ xmake -v
[33%]: linking.release libfoo.a
/usr/local/bin/nim c --opt:speed --nimcache:build/.gens/foo/macosx/x86_64/release/nimcache --app
:staticlib --noMain --passC:-DNimMain=NimMain_B6D5BD02 --passC:-DNimMainInner=NimMainInner_B6D5B
D02 --passC:-DNimMainModule=NimMainModule_B6D5BD02 --passC:-DPreMain=PreMain_B6D5BD02 --passC:-D
PreMainInner=PreMainInner_B6D5BD02 -o:build/macosx/x86_64/release/libfoo.a src/foo.nim
[66%]: linking.release test
/usr/local/bin/nim c --opt:speed --nimcache:build/.gens/test/macosx/x86_64/release/nimcache --pa
ssL:-Lbuild/macosx/x86_64/release --passL:-lfoo -o:build/macosx/x86_64/release/test src/main.nim
[100%]: build ok!

Dynamic library program

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("foo")
    set_kind("shared")
    add_files("src/foo.nim")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_deps("foo")
    add_files("src/main.nim")
$ xmake -rv
[33%]: linking.release libfoo.dylib
/usr/local/bin/nim c --opt:speed --nimcache:build/.gens/foo/macosx/x86_64/release/nimcache --app
:lib --noMain -o:build/macosx/x86_64/release/libfoo.dylib src/foo.nim
[66%]: linking.release test
/usr/local/bin/nim c --opt:speed --nimcache:build/.gens/test/macosx/x86_64/release/nimcache --pa
ssL:-Lbuild/macosx/x86_64/release --passL:-lfoo -o:build/macosx/x86_64/release/test src/main.nim
[100%]: build ok!

C code mixed compilation

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("foo")
    set_kind("static")
    add_files("src/*.c")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_deps("foo")
    add_files("src/main.nim")

Nimble dependency package integration

For a complete example, see: Nimble Package Example

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

add_requires("nimble::zip >0.3")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/main.nim")
    add_packages("nimble::zip")

main.nim

import zip/zlib

echo zlibVersion()

Native dependency package integration

For a complete example, see: Native Package Example

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

add_requires("zlib")

target("test")
    set_kind("binary")
    add_files("src/main.nim")
    add_packages("zlib")

main.nim

proc zlibVersion(): cstring {.cdecl, importc}

echo zlibVersion()

Keil/MDK Embedded Program

Related example project: Example

xmake will automatically detect the compiler installed by Keil/MDK, related issues #1753.

Compile with armcc

$ xmake f -p cross -a cortex-m3 --toolchain=armcc -c
$ xmake

Compile with armclang

$ xmake f -p cross -a cortex-m3 --toolchain=armclang -c
$ xmake

Executable program

target("hello")
     add_deps("foo")
     add_rules("mdk.console")
     add_files("src/*.c", "src/*.s")
     add_includedirs("src/lib/cmsis")
     set_runtimes("microlib")

It should be noted that when some mdk programs all use the microlib library to run, it requires the compiler to add the __MICROLIB macro definition, and the linker to add various configurations such as --library_type=microlib.

We can set directly to the microlib runtime library through set_runtimes("microlib"), and all relevant options can be set automatically.

Static library program

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")

target("foo")
     add_rules("mdk.static")
     add_files("src/foo/*.c")
     set_runtimes("microlib")

Keil/C51 embedded programs

Executable programs

target("hello")
    add_rules("c51.binary")
    set_toolchains("c51")
    add_files("src/main.c")

Linux kernel driver module

In version v2.6.2, xmake fully supports the construction of Linux kernel driver modules. This may be the first and only third-party build tool that supports compiling Linux kernel drivers.

Hello world module

Full example: Linux Kernel Driver Modules

Its configuration is very simple. You only need to configure the linux-headers package that supports the module, and then apply the platform.linux.driver build rule.

add_requires("linux-headers", {configs = {driver_modules = true}})

target("hello")
    add_rules("platform.linux.driver")
    add_files("src/*.c")
    add_packages("linux-headers")
    set_license("GPL-2.0")

Then directly execute the xmake command, compile with one key, and generate the kernel driver module hello.ko.

$ xmake
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/add.c
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/hello.c
[60%]: linking.release build/linux/x86_64/release/hello.ko
[100%]: build ok!

We can also look at the complete build command parameters.

$ xmake -v
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/add.c
/usr/bin/ccache /usr/bin/gcc -c -m64 -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include -I/usr /src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/generated -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include -I/usr/src/linux -headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/uapi -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/generated/uapi -I/usr /src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/uapi -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\ "hello\" -DCONFIG_X86_X32_ABI -isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/include -include /usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -mno-sse -mno-mmx -mno-sse2 -mno-3dnow -mno-avx -mno -80387 -mno-fp-ret-in-387 -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3 -mskip-rax-setup -mtune=generic -mno-red-zone -mcmodel=kernel -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect -branch-re gister -mrecord-mcount -fmacro-prefix-map=./= -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE -fcf-protection=none -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops= 1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-allow-store-data-races -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa-cp-clone- fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -DKBUILD_BASENAME=\"add\ "-o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/src/add.co src/add.c
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/hello.c
/usr/bin/ccache /usr/bin/gcc -c -m64 -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include -I/usr /src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/generated -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include -I/usr/src/linux -headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/uapi -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/generated/uapi -I/usr /src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/uapi -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\ "hello\" -DCONFIG_X86_X32_ABI -isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/include -include /usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -mno-sse -mno-mmx -mno-sse2 -mno-3dnow -mno-avx -mno -80387 -mno-fp-ret-in-387 -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3 -mskip-rax-setup -mtune=generic -mno-red-zone -mcmodel=kernel -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect -branch-re gister -mrecord-mcount -fmacro-prefix-map=./= -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE -fcf-protection=none -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops= 1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-allow-store-data-races -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa-cp-clone- fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -DKBUILD_BASENAME=\"hello\ "-o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/src/hello.co src/hello.c
[60%]: linking.release build/linux/x86_64/release/hello.ko
/usr/bin/ld -m elf_x86_64 -r -o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/build/linux/x86_64/release/hello.ko.o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/ release/src/add.co build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/src/hello.co
/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/scripts/mod/modpost -m -a -o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/build/linux/x86_64/release/Module .symvers -e -N -T-
WARNING: modpost: Symbol info of vmlinux is missing. Unresolved symbol check will be entirely skipped.
/usr/bin/ccache /usr/bin/gcc -c -m64 -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include -I/usr /src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/generated -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include -I/usr/src/linux -headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/uapi -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/arch/x86/include/generated/uapi -I/usr /src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/uapi -I/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -DCONFIG_X86_X32_ABI -isystem /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/10/include -include /usr/src/linux-headers- 5.11.0-41-generic/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -mno-sse -mno- mmx -mno-sse2 -mno-3dnow -mno-avx -mno-80387 -mno-fp-ret-in-387 -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3 -mskip-rax-setup -mtune=generic -mno-red- zone -mcmodel=kernel -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect-branch-register -mrecord-mcount -fmacro-prefix-map=./= -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno- PIE -fcf-protection=none -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops=1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-allow-store- data-races -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa-cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict- overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -o build/.o bjs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/build/linux/x86_64/release/hello.ko.mod.o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/build/linux/x86_64/release/hello.ko. mod.c
/usr/bin/ld -m elf_x86_64 -r --build-id=sha1 -T /usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic/scripts/module.lds -o build/linux/x86_64/ release/hello.ko build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/build/linux/x86_64/release/hello.ko.o build/.objs/hello/linux/x86_64/release/build/linux/x86_64/ release/hello.ko.mod.o

Through the add_requires("linux-headers", {configs = {driver_modules = true}}) configuration package, xmake will automatically find the corresponding linux-headers package from the system first.

If it is not found, xmake will also automatically download it, and then automatically configure and build the kernel source code with driver modules, and use it to continue building the kernel module.

Custom linux-headers path

Since the release of v2.6.2, there have been many feedbacks from users. In most cases, the linux kernel driver is built based on a customized version of the linux kernel, so it is necessary to be able to customize the configuration of the linux-headers path instead of using the remote dependency package mode.

In fact, we can do this by rewriting the linux-headers package ourselves.

package("linux-headers")
    on_fetch(function (package, opt)
        return {includedirs = "/usr/src/linux-headers-5.0/include"}
    end)
package_end()

add_requires("linux-headers")

target("test")
    add_rules("platform.linux.driver")
    add_rules("src/*.c")
    add_packages("linux-headers")

But this may be a bit cumbersome, so in v2.6.3, we support more convenient setting of the linux-headers path.

target("hello")
    add_rules("platform.linux.driver")
    add_files("src/*.c")
    set_values("linux.driver.linux-headers", "/usr/src/linux-headers-5.11.0-41-generic")

We can also pass in the linux-headers path as xmake f --linux-headers=/usr/src/linux-headers by defining option options.

option("linux-headers", {showmenu = true, description = "Set linux-headers path."})
target("hello")
    add_rules("platform.linux.driver")
    add_files("src/*.c")
    set_values("linux.driver.linux-headers", "$(linux-headers)")

For more details, please see: #1923

Cross compilation

We also support cross-compilation of kernel driver modules, such as using cross-compilation tool chain on Linux x86_64 to build Linux Arm/Arm64 driver modules.

We only need to prepare our own cross-compilation tool chain, specify its root directory through --sdk=, then switch to the -p cross platform configuration, and finally specify the architecture arm/arm64 to be built.

The cross toolchain used here can be downloaded from here: Download toolchains

For more, cross-compilation configuration documents, see: Configure cross-compilation

!> Currently only supports arm/arm64 cross-compilation architecture, and more platform architectures will be supported in the future.

Build Arm driver module

$ xmake f -p cross -a arm --sdk=/mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf -c
$ xmake -v
checking for arm-linux-gnueabihf-g++ ... /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-g++
checking for the linker (ld) ... arm-linux-gnueabihf-g++
checking for /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-g++ ... ok
checking for flags (-fPIC) ... ok
checking for /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc ... ok
checking for flags (-fPIC) ... ok
checking for flags (-O2) ... ok
checking for ccache ... /usr/bin/ccache
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/add.c
/usr/bin/ccache /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc -c -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include /generated -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805 /arch/arm/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include/generated/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake /packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=6 -isystem /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf /bin/../lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabihf/7.5.0/include -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/linux/kconfig .h -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar- fno-PIE -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops=1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa- cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -mbig- endian -mabi=aapcs-linux -mfpu=vfp -marm -march=armv6k -mtune=arm1136j-s -msoft-float -Uarm -DKBUILD_BASENAME=\"add\" -o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/ release/src/add.co src/add.c
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/hello.c
/usr/bin/ccache /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc -c -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include/generated -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/ 7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include/generated/uapi -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=6 -isystem /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/../lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabihf/ 7.5.0/include -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/ linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -fno-strict-alia sing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops=1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks- fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa-cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno- stack-check -fconserve-stack -mbig-endian -mabi=aapcs-linux -mfpu=vfp -marm -march=armv6k -mtune=arm1136j-s -msoft-float -Uarm -DKBUILD_BASENAME=\"hello\" -o build /.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/src/hello.co src/hello.c
checking for flags (-MMD -MF) ... ok
checking for flags (-fdiagnostics-color=always) ... ok
[60%]: linking.release build/cross/arm/release/hello.ko
/mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-ld -EB -r -o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/build/cross /arm/release/hello.ko.o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/src/add.co build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/src/hello.co
/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/scripts/mod/modpost -m -a -o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/build/cross/ arm/release/Module.symvers -e -N -T-
WARNING: modpost: Symbol info of vmlinux is missing. Unresolved symbol check will be entirely skipped.
/usr/bin/ccache /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc -c -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include /generated -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805 /arch/arm/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/arch/arm/include/generated/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake /packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=6 -isystem /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf /bin/../lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabihf/7.5.0/include -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/linux/kconfig .h -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar- fno-PIE -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops=1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa- cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -mbig- endian -mabi=aapcs-linux -mfpu=vfp -marm -march=armv6k -mtune=arm1136j-s -msoft-float -Uarm -o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/build/cross/arm/ release/hello.ko.mod.o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/build/cross/arm/release/hello.ko.mod.c
/mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-ld -EB --be8 -r --build-id=sha1 -T /home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/7695a30b7add4d3aa4685cbac6815805/scripts/module.lds -o build/cross/arm/release/hello.ko build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/build/cross /arm/release/hello.ko.o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm/release/build/cross/arm/release/hello.ko.mod.o
[100%]: build ok!

Build Arm64 driver module

$ xmake f -p cross -a arm64 --sdk=/mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu -c
checking for aarch64-linux-gnu-g++ ... /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-g++
checking for the linker (ld) ... aarch64-linux-gnu-g++
checking for /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-g++ ... ok
checking for flags (-fPIC) ... ok
checking for /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc ... ok
checking for flags (-fPIC) ... ok
checking for flags (-O2) ... ok
checking for ccache ... /usr/bin/ccache
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/add.c
/usr/bin/ccache /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc -c -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include /generated -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de /arch/arm64/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include/generated/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake /packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__- DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -isystem /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/../lib/gcc/aarch 64-linux-gnu/7.5.0/include -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE -falign-jumps=1- falign-loops=1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa-cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining- fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -DKBUILD_BASENAME=\"add\" -o build/. objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/src/add.co src/add.c
[20%]: ccache compiling.release src/hello.c
/usr/bin/ccache /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc -c -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include /generated -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de /arch/arm64/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include/generated/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake /packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__- DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -isystem /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/../lib/gcc/aarch 64-linux-gnu/7.5.0/include -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE -falign-jumps=1- falign-loops=1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-reorder-blocks -fno-ipa-cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining- fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack -DKBUILD_BASENAME=\"hello\" -o build/. objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/src/hello.co src/hello.c
checking for flags (-MMD -MF) ... ok
checking for flags (-fdiagnostics-color=always) ... ok
[60%]: linking.release build/cross/arm64/release/hello.ko
/mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-ld -EL -maarch64elf -r -o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/build /cross/arm64/release/hello.ko.o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/src/add.co build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/src/hello.co
/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/scripts/mod/modpost -m -a -o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/build/cross/ arm64/release/Module.symvers -e -N -T-
WARNING: modpost: Symbol info of vmlinux is missing. Unresolved symbol check will be entirely skipped.
/usr/bin/ccache /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc -c -O2 -std=gnu89 -I/home/ruki/. xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include /generated -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/arch/arm64/include/generated/uapi -I /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/uapi -I/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include /generated/uapi -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -DKBUILD_MODNAME=\"hello\" -isystem /mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/../lib/gcc/aarch64-linux- gnu/7.5.0/include -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/linux/kconfig.h -include /home/ruki/.xmake/packages/ l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/include/linux/compiler_types.h -nostdinc -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE -falign-jumps=1 -falign-loops= 1 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables -fno-jump-tables -fno-delete-null-pointer-checks -fno-reorder-blocks -fno- ipa-cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining -fstack-protector-strong -fno-inline-functions-called-once -falign-functions=32 -fno-strict-overflow -fno-stack-check -fconserve-stack- o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/build/cross/arm64/release/hello.ko.mod.o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/build/cross/arm64/release/ hello.ko.mod.c
/mnt/gcc-linaro-7.5.0-2019.12-x86_64_aarch64-linux-gnu/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-ld -EL -maarch64elf -r --build-id=sha1 -T /home/ruki/.xmake /packages/l/linux-headers/5.10.46/8f80101835834bc2866f3a827836b5de/scripts/module.lds -o build/cross/arm64/release/hello.ko build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/build/cross/ arm64/release/hello.ko.o build/.objs/hello/cross/arm64/release/build/cross/arm64/release/hello.ko.mod.o
[100%]: build ok!

ASN.1 program

ASN.1 programs need to use ASN.1 Compiler to generate relevant .c files to participate in project compilation.

While Xmake provides built-in add_rules("asn1c") rules to process .c file generation, add_requires("asn1c") automatically pulls and integrates ASN.1 compiler tools.

Here is a basic configuration example:

add_rules("mode.debug", "mode.release")
add_requires("asn1c")

target("test")
     set_kind("binary")
     add_files("src/*.c")
     add_files("src/*.asn1")
     add_rules("asn1c")
     add_packages("asn1c")

For details, see Example Project.